International Academy of WingChun® Foundations
(Author- Sifu Klaus Brand)
The development of WingChun® marked the creation of a unique Self-Defense art. Since 2003 we have offered this highly-developed system through the International Academy of WingChun®. Self-Defense is our primary concern.
The origin of the WingChun® was the result of extensive and complex research and began with my experience of one of the more inventive styles of Wing-Chun. Incidentally, when I write Wing-Chun, I mean those styles which have developed away from the original 17th century combat art.
To this day there are indeed several styles which have developed and have affiliated themselves to the same root-words (Wing-Chun), with various spellings, but the similar-sounding name is actually the only connection between these martial arts. Choosing a different name actually denotes an autonomous and distinctive style.
The grandmaster of each style is responsible for its character and development. In a book I will deal with the historical developments in much detail. Here I would like to offer an edited version, in order to bring a little clarity into the world of Wing-Chun.
After the fall of the Ming dynasty (1644) resistance fighters developed a new style with the ultimate purpose of winning back the beloved cultural and economic glory days of China. The time of the Ming is considered the Renaissance of China. The existing kung fu styles could not meet the demanding requirements of the resistance movement because they contained only partially combative aspects. Something new and functional had to develop.
Therefore I regard the style, WingChun®, not as a style of kung fu, because the primary idea is applicability which is not the main concern with kung fu. The name Wing-Chun meant at the time “eternal springtime” and referred to the period of cultural flourishing in China, which they tried to conquer back in vain. At the beginning of the 80′s a widespread interest in Wing-Chun developed in Germany. Suitably for that decade came an abstruse development of this style. Many of us were pulled for various reasons to this “new” martial art.
You must know that in the 80′s many Asian martial arts films conquered the world of the cinema, which contributed to an extremely naive view of the Chinese combat arts. Film and reality merged into a fanciful perception. Many of us dreamed about the ultimate style with which one learns to fight without effort, just like the actors in the films, with yielding and soft movements. And this cliché was pursued until the bitter end. An incompletely taught and, in my judgment, degenerate Wing-Chun was subjected to a destructive renovation.
After they had changed the name (to just two consonants), a rather vague history of a combat nun (in China?) was invented. They called her simply Ng Mui, which translated means “five roots” and actually refers to the development of the style, i.e. the five masters who created it. For the purposes of advertising, even more interesting histories continued to develop around the whole subject. One absurd fairytale was that the style was developed by a woman. They gave her, quite simply, the name of the style, with the addition of the Chinese character “ Yim ” (for “word”) which served as a reference to the verbal way in which Wing-Chun was taught, person to person, with nothing written down. At the time nobody knew any better and therefore they could completely and freely create things.
From this starting point they began to refer to it as a soft style. So the basis for a quite inventive concept was created. Now it rapidly progressed. As crazy as it sounds, they taught passivity in movement. Drawing back to prepare a strike and long, dynamic movements as well as the use of muscular force were smirked at and scorned. They invented a wedge principle contrary to any physical logic and thought that with this principle they could use their arms to displace attacks from the outside. The only straight line that they thought existed was in front of one’s own body and only on this line were they allowed to move. Anything else simply could not be. They even believed that the force of the opponent could be used. A kind of martial arts version of the geocentric model (of the Middle Ages) of the world was created.
In the end they produced a martial art with childish principles. The idea of waiting until physical contact before reacting with a tactile response was the crowning nonsense. The king of senses, vision, to a large extent they did without. This led to fundamentally late reactions, but nobody cared about all this at the time. Then even books with pseudoscientific explanations came on the market, in which they almost turned the art of self-defense on its head. Yes, you read correctly. Exactly the opposite of that which functions in defense was taught and in addition a suitable history was invented. Naturally we suspected we could not defend ourselves with these principles but the dream was too beautiful. By the time we admitted this to ourselves years had passed. This dream version of a martial art continued up to the mid-90′s. Then a few of us gradually returned to reason. The way back was certainly not easy. After some years of the experiments and dreams, we needed even more years to finally give them up.
Astonishingly, this self-governing style still exists to this very day. Meanwhile there are numerous derivatives, with their only act of creativity being a new name. In the end they offered the same fantasy with the same fairy tale of the woman and the nun. To this very day many thousands still try to defend themselves with softness, passivity, and relaxation. The statement, “you have become softer”, which would lead a genuine fighter into depression, in these circles is regarded as praise. Today I can look back with a smile because I witnessed it myself, and therefore I know what I am talking about. Many times I have asked myself how I put up with it at that time, but on the other hand it’s probable that today’s WingChun® could only have resulted from this journey. I have re-discovered the reality through the absurd; this reality which had to play the leading role with the emergence of the art, because there was only one goal at that time – effectiveness.
So, I set myself this task and through painstaking and considerable work created a completely new system, making use of my detailed research and a 40-year experience in martial arts. I took WingChun® on a journey through time to arrive once again in the 21st century and above all in reality. Thus WingChun® developed. The training of technical coordination is an important component of my system. Strengthening the musculature, the ligaments and even the bones are an indispensable result of the training concept. Powerful and strong defense and attack movements distinguish WingChun®. To be successful in a Self-Defense situation one needs first and foremost a sophisticated technical ability put into action by functional force. In self-defense it is the same whether you are a woman or a man, large or small, heavy or light. There are neither differences nor pros and cons.
Everyone learns and trains the same educational programs and achieves the same goal in the end.
I hope with my remarks I can bring some light into the world of the Self-Defense arts. As the leader of the International Academy of WingChun®, this clearing-up is my obligation, particularly regarding Wing-Chun. Again and again I receive e-mails with many questions concerning the styles of Wing-Chun. Unfortunately, marketing ploys are very often accepted as fact. Therefore my personal hint: Go and look at as much as you can, take time before you decide andabove all – ask questions. Only you can decide which martial art and which teacher you place your confidence in.
Sifu Klaus Brand World Chief Instructor, International Academy of WingChun